Betta fish originally came from Thailand, so they are used to a tropical climate. Their average lifespan is 2-4 years but can easily live up to 10 years with proper care.
Although we are small, we need more space than many people think. The absolute minimum size tank for a betta is a 2.5 gallon tank (ideal is 5 gallons or larger). Bettas need to have their water conditioned (no tap water). Tank must have a water filter (absolutely no bowls) but the current should not be too strong as bettas aren't strong swimmers. Do not fill their tank all the way up with water, allow 1-2 inches of water surface for oxygen. It’s also ideal to have a secure lid as bettas are know to be jumpers!
They live in a tropical environment of 76-81 degrees Fahrenheit. Which means, their water must be temperature controlled with an heater. It’s always best practice to have a thermometer attached to the tank to monitor any changed.
Bettas need both artificial and natural light. It is best to keep them on a schedule (light during the day, dark at night). But we do not suggest ever putting their tank in direct sunlight.
Bettas need plants and hiding places to feel safe. It is best to mimic their natural environment to reduce stress. Live plants are the most beneficial and most natural. Many pet store sold “fish decor” may be safe but is not ideal for the fish.
Bettas are carnivores. They are surface feeders who eat a floating pelleted diet designed for bettas. Bettas can be picky eaters; some prefer certain brands. Only feed 2-4 pellets per day (1-2 times a day). Overfeeding can cause many health problems. Providing a variety in their diet is important as well; no one likes to eat the same thing every day.
Betta fish are solitary animals, although females (4+) are capable of living in sororities if given plenty of space to hide. For a sorority, a 10-gal tank is needed.
NEVER PUT TWO MALES TOGETHER or A MALE AND A FEMALE TOGETHER.
We do not recommend new fish owners to pursue as it is a stressful process for the fish and would be best done by those who are experienced and trained.
Bettas are fighting fish. They must live without any other bettas, although they may get along well with other species of fish. Please keep in mind that not all bettas do well with any friends. But here is a list of some of our favorite tank mates: Mystery snails, Ghost shrimp, Feeder guppies, Cory catfish, Harlequin Rasbora, African dwarf frog, Neon tetras, Ember tetras, Clown plecos, Kuhli loach, Marimo moss balls.
Even with a filter, tanks must be cleaned and maintained regularly. Depending on the size of your tank, the smaller the tank, the more frequent you have to do water changes. For a 5-gal tank, you will need to do 1-2 water cycles per week. (Each water cycle, remove 25% of the water and replace). For 5-gal, 100% water change will need to be done monthly. Always remember to add water condition when adding new water to tank. Never clean a tank or the accessories/decorations with soap.